Scoliosis is an abnormal sideward curve of the spine. Your child’s pediatrician may detect scoliosis during a routine examination. However, or whenever it is detected, it is important to obtain an early diagnose. Why? Because some types of scoliotic curves are more progressive than others. This means the size of the curve may help your physician determine the potential for the curve to grow larger. Typical types of scoliosis are idiopathic, congenital and/or neuromuscular.
- Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type. “Idiopathic” means the cause of the scoliosis is unknown.
- Congenital scoliosis is usually found at birth and may be termed “infantile scoliosis.”
- Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by problems with the spine’s muscles and nerves. Sometimes cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy contributes to this type of abnormal curvature of the spine.
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